Different people have different concepts of God. Some people believe God is One and Unique, others believe in many gods. Some believe that God is a trinity, while some others believe that although God is One, yet He comes down to earth in many different forms from time to time.
To inform people about the reality of God, He has Himself sent down many revelations from time to time, through His messengers to inform humanity the reality about Himself and His Will, so that they are not deceived. But many a times, people rejected the message, although it was with clear evidence, and some went to the extent of killing the messengers, while others corrupted the message by introducing by their own hands, falsehood, and attributing it to God, for worldly benefits.
To confirm the Original message and Re-establish the Truth, God sent down His Last and Final revelation to Humanity, The Glorious Quran. The Quran informs us that God is One, and that He is Unique. He is incomparable to His creation and does not take forms of His creation, and that He is outside time and space, yet close to us through His knowledge and power. He is the Creator and Sustainer of all the creation, and He alone has power over all things.
“Say: He is God,
The One and Only.
“God, the Eternal, Absolute.
“He begets not, nor is He begotten.
And there is none like unto Him.”
The Quran requires of us to maintain Unity of His Lordship. It clarifies that God alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing; He sustains and maintains creation without any need from it or for it; and He is the sole Lord of the universe and its inhabitants without any real challenge to His sovereignty. God says:
“God created all things and He Is the agent on which all things depend.”
Quran also informs us that Apparent “good fortune” and “misfortune” are both from God and can not be caused by good-luck charms or by omens of bad luck
Quran also requires us to maintain the Unity of God’s Names and Attributes
This category has five main aspects:
1. God must be referred to according to how He and His Prophet (saws) have described Him without explaining away His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.
2. Referring to God as He has referred to Himself without giving Him any new names or attributes.
3. God is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation.
The key principle which should be followed when dealing with God’s attributes is the Qur’anic formula,
“There is nothing like Him and He is hearer and seer of all.”
The attributes of hearing and seeing are among human attributes, but when they are attributed to The Divine Being they are without comparison in their perfection. However, when these attributes are associated with men they necessitate ear and eye apparatuses which can not be attributed to God. What man knows about the Creator is only what little He has revealed to him through His prophets. Therefore, man is obliged to stay within these narrow limits. When man gives free rein to his intellect in describing God, he is liable to fall into errors by assigning to God the attributes of His creation.
4. Man not be given the attributes of God
5. God’s names in the definite form cannot be given to His creation unless preceded by the prefix “slave of” or “servant of’.
Futhermore, the Quran also informs us that we need to maintain The Unity of God in His Worship
All forms of worship must be directed only to God because He alone deserves worship, and it is He alone who can grant benefit to man as a result of His worship. Furthermore,
There is no need for any form of intercessor or intermediary between man and God.
“Verily, We have sent to every nation a messenger (saying), ‘Worship God and avoid false gods’.”
Prophet Muhammad (saws) confirmed the concept of unity of worship saying, “If you ask in prayer ask only God, and if you seek help, seek it only from God.”
The confirmation of maintaining the unity of God’s worship, conversely necessitates the denial of all forms of intercession or association of partners with God. If someone prays to the dead seeking their influence on the lives of the living or the souls of those who have passed away, they have associated a partner with God, because worship is being shared between God and His creation. The Prophet Muhammad (saws) said, in no uncertain terms, “Prayer is worship.”
And, God, Most Great and Glorious, said:
‘Do not worship besides God that which can not help or harm you.”
“Those on whom you call besides God are only slaves like yourselves.”
God has said:
“If God allows harm to befall you none can. remove it except Him.”
Worship in Islam is not restricted to prayers. Worship in Islam means total obedience and God is considered the ultimate Lawgiver.
On one occasion, the Prophet’s companion ‘Adee ibn Haatim, who was a convert from Christianity, heard the Prophet (saws) recite the Qur’anic verse, “They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides God,” so he said: ‘Surely we did not worship them,’ The Prophet (saws) turned to him and said ‘Did they not make forbidden what God had made allowable, and you all made it forbidden, and did they not make allowable what God made forbidden and you all made it allowable?’ He replied, ‘We certainly did.’ The Prophet (saws) then said, ‘That was how you worshipped them’.”
This knowledge of God frees us from the clutches of the evil people who deceive others and rob them of money in return for spiritual benefits.
The Biggest Sin
The biggest sin in Islam is joining partners with God, the reason being that taking a flase deity as God, opens up all doors for misguidance. The Creator alone knows best what is beneficial for His creation and what is not. Divine laws represent guidance for humankind in all walks of life. They define right and wrong for them and offer human beings a complete system governing all of their affairs. However taking a false deity as God, and following it blindly as God may cause a person to follow things which actually might be harmful for him/her.