Who God is, and what He requires of Us

Different people have different concepts of God. Some people believe God is One and Unique, others believe in many gods. Some believe that God is a trinity, while some others believe that although God is One, yet He comes down to earth in many different forms from time to time.

To inform people about the reality of God, He has Himself sent down many revelations from time to time, through His messengers to inform humanity the reality about Himself and His Will, so that they are not deceived. But many a times, people rejected the message, although it was with clear evidence, and some went to the extent of killing the messengers, while others corrupted the message by introducing by their own hands, falsehood, and attributing it to God, for worldly benefits.

To confirm the Original message and Re-establish the Truth, God sent down His Last and Final revelation to Humanity, The Glorious Quran. The Quran informs us that God is One, and that He is Unique. He is incomparable to His creation and does not take forms of His creation, and that He is outside time and space, yet close to us through His knowledge and power. He is the Creator and Sustainer of all the creation, and He alone has power over all things.

God  says

“Say: He is God,
The One and Only.
“God, the Eternal, Absolute.
“He begets not, nor is He begotten.
And there is none like unto Him.”
[Al-Qur’an 112:1-4]

The Quran requires of us to maintain Unity of His Lordship. It clarifies that God alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing; He sustains and maintains creation without any need from it or for it; and He is the sole Lord of the universe and its inhabitants without any real challenge to His sovereignty. God says:

“God created all things and He Is the agent on which all things depend.”

Quran also informs us that Apparent “good fortune” and “misfortune” are both from God and can not be caused by good-luck charms or by omens of bad luck

Quran also requires us to maintain the Unity of God’s Names and Attributes

This category has five main aspects:

1. God must be referred to according to how He and His Prophet (saws) have described Him without explaining away His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.

2. Referring to God as He has referred to Himself without giving Him any new names or attributes.

3. God is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation.

The key principle which should be followed when dealing with God’s attributes is the Qur’anic formula,

“There is nothing like Him and He is hearer and seer of all.”

The attributes of hearing and seeing are among human attributes, but when they are attributed to The Divine Being they are without comparison in their perfection. However, when these attributes are associated with men they necessitate ear and eye apparatuses which can not be attributed to God. What man knows about the Creator is only what little He has revealed to him through His prophets. Therefore, man is obliged to stay within these narrow limits. When man gives free rein to his intellect in describing God, he is liable to fall into errors by assigning to God the attributes of His creation.

4. Man not be given the attributes of God

5. God’s names in the definite form cannot be given to His creation unless preceded by the prefix “slave of” or “servant of’.

Futhermore, the Quran also informs us that we need to maintain The Unity of God in His Worship

All forms of worship must be directed only to God because He alone deserves worship, and it is He alone who can grant benefit to man as a result of His worship. Furthermore,

There is no need for any form of intercessor or intermediary between man and God.

God says

“Verily, We have sent to every nation a messenger (saying), ‘Worship God and avoid false gods’.”

Prophet Muhammad (saws) confirmed the concept of unity of worship saying, “If you ask in prayer ask only God, and if you seek help, seek it only from God.”

The confirmation of maintaining the unity of God’s worship, conversely necessitates the denial of all forms of intercession or association of partners with God. If someone prays to the dead seeking their influence on the lives of the living or the souls of those who have passed away, they have associated a partner with God, because worship is being shared between God and His creation. The Prophet Muhammad (saws) said, in no uncertain terms, “Prayer is worship.”

And, God, Most Great and Glorious, said:

‘Do not worship besides God that which can not help or harm you.”
“Those on whom you call besides God are only slaves like yourselves.”

God has said:

“If God allows harm to befall you none can. remove it except Him.”

Worship in Islam is not restricted to prayers. Worship in Islam means total obedience and God is considered the ultimate Lawgiver.

On one occasion, the Prophet’s companion ‘Adee ibn Haatim, who was a convert from Christianity, heard the Prophet (saws) recite the Qur’anic verse, “They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides God,” so he said: ‘Surely we did not worship them,’ The Prophet (saws) turned to him and said ‘Did they not make forbidden what God had made allowable, and you all made it forbidden, and did they not make allowable what God made forbidden and you all made it allowable?’ He replied, ‘We certainly did.’ The Prophet (saws) then said, ‘That was how you worshipped them’.”

The Freedom

This knowledge of God frees us from the clutches of the evil people who deceive others and rob them of money in return for spiritual benefits.

The Biggest Sin
The biggest sin in Islam is joining partners with God, the reason being that taking a flase deity as God, opens up all doors for misguidance. The Creator alone knows best what is beneficial for His creation and what is not. Divine laws represent guidance for humankind in all walks of life. They define right and wrong for them and offer human beings a complete system governing all of their affairs. However taking a false deity as God, and following it blindly as God may cause a person to follow things which actually might be harmful for him/her.


About Kashif Zuberi

Student of Knowledge

9 comments on “Who God is, and what He requires of Us


    • The Upanishads and the Vedas describe God as follows

      Concept of God in Upanishads

      He is one only without a second
      (Chandogya Upanishad 6:2:1)
      (The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg. 447 & 448)
      (Sacred Books of the East Volume 1, the Upanishads Part I Page 93)

      Of Him there are neither parents nor Lord
      (Shwetashvatara Upanishad 6:9)
      (The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg. 745 and in Sacred books of the East volume 15, the Upanishads Part II Page 263)

      There is no likeness of Him
      (Shwetashvatara Upanishad 4:19)
      (The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg 736 & 737 and in Sacred books of the East Volume 15, the Upanishads part II, Page no. 253)

      His form cannot be seen, no one sees Him with the eye
      (Shwetashvatara Upanishad 4:20)
      (The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg. 737 And in Sacred books of the East Volume 15, the Upanishad part II, Page no. 253)

      Concept of God in the Vedas

      Do not worship anybody but Him, the Divine One, Praise Him alone

      (Rigveda 8:1:1)
      (Rigveda Samhiti Vol. IX, pg. 1 & 2 by Swami Satyaprakash Sarasvati & Satyakam Vidhya Lankar)

      Praise Him who is the matchless & alone
      (Rigveda 6:45:16)
      (Hymns of Rigveda by Ralph T. H. Griffith pg. 648)

      Verily great is the glory of the Divine Creator
      (Rigveda 5:81:1)
      (Rigveda Samhiti Vol. 6, pg 1802 & 1803 by Swami Satyaprakash Sarasvati & Satyakam Vidhya Lanka)

      There is no image of Him, as He is unborn, He deserves our worship
      (Yajurveda 32:3)
      (The Yajurveda by Devi Chand M.A. pg. 377)

      Deep into shade of blinding gloom fall Asambhûti’s worshippers (those who worship natural things)
      They sink to darkness deeper yet who on Sambhûti (created things) are intent
      (Yajurveda 40:9)
      (Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Griffith pg. 538)

      • Based purely on the above two scriptures, many Hindu Scholars have denounced idol worship and the concept of incarnation.Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Mahadev Govind Ranade are among the examples, and there are ofcourse more.

        Raja Ram Mohan Roy born on August 14, 1774, founded the Brahma Sabha in 1828 which engendered the Brahmo Samaj. He studied sanskrit and studies the Upanishads and other vedic scriptures. He believed in one Supreme Being – “Author and Preserver of Existence”. He denounced idolatry and vowed to erase it from India. Till date the following is written on his tombstone.

        The core principles of the Brahmo Samaj are:

        1. There is only one God.
        2. No created object is to be worshipped as God, and God alone is to be considered as infallible.

        Justice Ranade was born on 16 January 1842. He was a scholar and founded the Prarthana Samaj, a Hindu movement inspired by the Brahmo Samaj. Regarding belief in God, the Samaj defines its faith as:

        1. God is the creator of this universe. He is the only true God; there is no other God beside him. He is eternal, spiritual, infinite, the store of all good, all joy, without parts, without form, one without a second, the ruler of all, all-pervading, omniscient, almighty, merciful, all-holy and the saviour of sinners.
        2. His worship alone leads to happiness in this world and the next.
        3. Love and reverence for him, an exclusive faith in him, praying and singing to him spiritually with these feelings and doing the things pleasing to him constitute His true worship.
        4. To worship and pray to images and other created objects is not a true mode of divine adoration.
        5. God does not incarnate himself.

        (Prarthana Samaj Report, 1911-1912).

  2. According to Chaitanya mahaprabhu (the incarnation for this age) God is one with his creation and also seperate from it. He is both personal and impersonal.
    Lord Krishna in Bhagavada Gita states, “Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice and a predominant rise in irreligion, I myself descend, To re-establish the principles of religion, to deliver the pious and to annihalate the miscreants I advent myself millinium after millinium”.

    • “God is one with his creation and also seperate from it. He is both personal and impersonal.” is ofcourse contradictory stuff.

      “Lord Krishna in Bhagavada Gita” – Islam completely rejects the concept of Incarnation, as explained in the article. As for Hinduism, the view of the scholars that I mentioned above, are based purely on Vedas and Upanishads. There are ofcourse other Hindu scriptures that have the concept of Incarnation. But these scholars do not accept scriptures other than the Upanishads and the Vedas as revelations from God.

  3. Is it not a rational thinkers website?

    Like the sun and the sunshine are inseperable yet distinctly different, so the Lord and his creation are also the same yet different, he is impersonal in his universal form and personal in his incarnate form, nothing contradictory for a rational thinker.
    Simultanious one and difference!

    As far as the scholars you quote for their interpretation of the upanisads and vedas there are as many and more who translate the vedas and upanisads completely different.

    Do you accept the vedas and upanisads as revelation from god?

    • “Is it not a rational thinkers website” – It is and thats why we dont accept irrational stuff.

      “Like the sun and the sunshine are inseperable yet distinctly different, so the Lord and his creation are also the same yet different” – Sun is a star that consists of hot plasma interwoven with magnetic fields that produces electromagnetic radiation visible to the human eye, which we call as visible light. However not every electromagnetic radiation visible to the human eye is called as sun.

      God is The Creator, but the creation and the Creator are not the same. This can be proved scientifically. How? Refer to my article Pantheism or Monotheism https://rationalthinkerscafe.wordpress.com/2012/08/05/pantheism-or-monotheism/

      “he is impersonal in his universal form and personal in his incarnate form” – To start with, give evdence for incarnation.

      “Do you accept the vedas and upanisads as revelation from god” – No, I just gave the above quotations because brother EHSON asked, and views of certain Hindu sholars. I am not denying that there cant be other interpretations.

      But as far as the article is concerned, when I quote from Quran, I also give evidence of it being from God (on the link at ‘Last and Final revelation’ in the above article.)

  4. “Evidence is allready given in the form of Lord Kriishna Himself giving instruction in Bhagavad Gita” – And what is the evidence for Bhagwat Gita being the word of God?

    “As for th anylogy of sun and sunlight you fail to grasp the simple logic.” No, I rebutted your logic.

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